Sunday, September 4, 2011

Why does U.S. concern deeply Chinese military development?

Annual Report to Congress of

On August 24th, the office of the Secretary of the U.S. Defence published its Annual Report to Congress involving Chinese Military and Security Developments. As usual, Chinese military dismissed this report by saying that Pentagon is playing up ‘China Threat’. To understand why does U.S. concern deeply Chinese military development, let’s use the Korean War (1950-1953) as an example to analyze.

When China’s first generation leader Mao Zedong announced the establishment of PRC in Beijing in October 1949, U.S. had no plan to choke this new regime. Oppositely, U.S. was trying to build a good relationship with Mao due to a deep disappointment to Chiang Kai-shek’s incompetence during China’s civil war (1946-1949). To move its strategic main point to Europe, U.S. had once retreated its forces from Taiwan Strait. That period there were two roads for Mao to choose. One was to build new ties with U.S. and recover quietly China from damages caused by the bloody civil war between Mao and Chiang. The other was to go closely with its communist neighbor the Soviet Union. Due to Mao’s ideology, he chose the second road.

In 1950 North Korean supported by the Soviet Union invaded South Korea. To save South Korea, the army of United Nations headed by U.S. cut into Korean battlefields from Inchon in September 1950. The landing forces of United Nations quickly defeated the invader and drove the enemy towards the Korean-Chinese border. In such situation, Stalin, the top leader of the Soviet Union, hoped Mao could send his soldiers into Korea to drive U.S. and United Nations out of Koreas. To become an important role in communist family, Mao sent hurriedly and covertly Chinese army into Korean battlefields in 1950 even without a good preparation. In the battle of Chosin Reservoir, 4000 Chinese soldiers were frozen to death because they had had no time to get heavy winter clothes before they were put into the –30-centigrade battlefield. Mao cheated his people that Chinese soldiers were battling for North Korea was because U.S. wanted to use Korea as a jump board to invade China.

The unexpected Chinese invasion totally shattered United Nations soldiers’ dreams that they could go home for the Christmas of 1950. To seal Mao’s regime, U.S. dispatched its 7th fleet back into Taiwan Strait. Because U.S. was moving its main strategic point to Europe during the period of Korean War, armed with heavy arms from the Soviet Union, China had luckily signed with U.S. in 1953 an armistice that restored the border between the two Koreas near the 38th Parallel. Even today, because of the propaganda of Chinese government, most of Chinese people still believe China fought in the Korean War was to stop U.S. invading China from North Korea. But the other side of the Korean War, U.S. and its allies, certainly know they were unexpectedly beaten by China at first and then passively dragged into the bloody battles against China in Koreas for three years.

In the eyes of U.S. and its allies, the Korean War exposed Mao regime’s aggression to the world. Today, what they understand to China is today’s Chinese government obviously still have no introspective ability to know some big mistakes made by their former top leaders, including what Chinese military did in the Korean War. A worry from U.S. and its allies is China may repeat same mistakes to the world again because it has poor ability to evaluate correctly what it did to the world in the past. That is why U.S. concerns more Chinese military development than a military development of any another country.