Tuesday, March 23, 2010

Brahmos, a new type of cruise missiles in the world


Recently, a new type of cruise missiles called Brahmos is striding into Indian army and navy. Brahmos is mentioned as a new type of cruise missiles is because of its unique supersonic cruise-speed comparing with the subsonic speed of the other cruise missiles in the world.

General cruise missiles, such as U.S. Tomahawks, or China's Changjian-10s, only fly with a subsonic speed. This is because turbo-fan engines propel them, but not rocket engines used on Brahmos missiles.

Because of Brahmos’ supersonic speed (Mach 2.8), it is not easy to be intercepted by enemies’ anti-missile weapons, and its kinetic energy makes it much more powerful while it hits a target.

Brahmos missiles are produced by the BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited, which is a joint venture between India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia's NPO Mashinostroeyenia.

Brahmos has several models, such as ship-launched, air-launched, and land-launched. The only disadvantage of a Brahmos missile is it has only a range of 290km, which is less than 1/3 of that of a general cruise missile. That is because the rocket engine on the Brahmos is much fuel consuming than a turbo-fan engine equipped on a general cruise missile.

Nowadays India and Russia are trying to develop Brahmos into Brahmos-2, which will have a cruise speed of Mach 5.