Monday, November 30, 2009

China receives a big Christmas gift from Japan

China's Defense Minister Liang Guanglie visited the Japanese DDG-176 Aegis destroyer Chokai of Japanese maritime self-defense force (MSDF) November 30 in Sasebo, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. The Aegis destroyer Chokai is capable of launching SM-3 Block 1A missiles to intercept incoming ballistic missiles. Liang arrived in Tokyo on November 26 to carry out a five-day visit.

Liang’s visit on the Aegis ship marks a significant change of Japanese policy to China, since Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) defeated Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) in August 2009 in the general election of Japan. Before Liang’s visit, Japanese Defence Minister Toshimi Kitazawa told clearly to Chinese media that he did not think China is a threat to Japan.

According to the Japanese media and the MSDF of Japan, U.S. military officials accompanied Liang when he boarded the Japanese Aegis destroyer Chokai. Although the scope of this visit was limited, including the air defense system developed by the U.S., this is the first time a Chinese high level military official was invited to board an Aegis equipped destroyer in Japan. In 2008, Chinese Navy Commander Wu Shengli only boarded a Japanese frigate at Yokosuka base in Japan during his trip there.

Nov. 27th, Kitazawa and Liang reached a nine-item consensus and jointly issued a news bulletin, which includes that Kitazawa will visit China during 2010 as Japanese defense minister; The chief of staff of Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force and the training fleet of the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force will also visit China in 2010; The exchanges will start between the military regions of People’s Liberation Army and the aspect-teams of Japanese Self-Defense Forces; Two countries will hold a joint maritime search and rescue training exercise at a proper time, etc.

It is remarkable that Kitazawa only took office with his party DPJ for two months, but he has already taken joint efforts with the Chinese side on pushing the two countries’ defense exchanges into an unprecedented level. Whether recent trend will be affected by Japan’s relationships with U.S. and Taiwan, we have to observe continuously. But, at least, Japan has presented a good gift to China for the Merry Christmas 2009.

Saturday, November 28, 2009

Israel may strike Iran before Iran gets SA-20s

The International Atomic Energy Agency board of governors voted overwhelmingly (25 to 3) on Nov. 27, 2009 with rare Russian and Chinese backing to criticize Iran for developing secretly a uranium enrichment site, and demanded it immediately halt construction of the Fordow enrichment plant, located in a mountain bunker.

Although it sent a message of international annoyance and frustration to Iran's nuclear behavior, Iran still denies it wants to build nuclear weapons, saying its atomic energy programme is purely for peaceful purposes. To go continually by its own will, Iran recently launched an air-defensive drill, and hurried Russia to deliver SA-20 surface-to-air missiles within two months.

We all know that Iran is a country, which wants to eliminate Israel on the earth. Its subterfuge of pursuing atomic weapon absolutely will not be tolerable to Israel. Most analysts believe, after the resolution of IAEA, Iran will still feel difficult to co-operate well with IAEA and may continue fanning suspicions of more secret sites that could be dedicated to making atom bombs. By this trend, the analysts said, Israel certainly would air strike Iranian nuclear facilities.

According to the analysts, the Israeli air strike depends on whether the IAEA measure will translate into crucial Russian-Chinese support for painful sanctions on Iran, whether Russia will hand over SA-20 missiles to Iran, whether Israel has obtained enough intelligent information to support a successful air strike, and whether U.S. will at least keep silence after the air attack.

Some analysts even believe that the air strike maybe will happen within next two months before Iran receives the SA-20s from Russia. Iranian Ambassador to Russia Mahmoud Reza Sajadi said on Nov. 24, 2009 that Iran expects Russia to deliver powerful SA-20 air-defence missile systems within two months despite fierce objections from the United States and Israel.

The SA-20 missile system of Russia uses the 48N6E type missile, which has a range of 150 km, a maximum speed of Mach 6. The missile system uses 30N6E1 phased array radar as its fire control radar that has a maximum search distance of 300 kilometers. It is capable of simultaneously guided 12 missiles to attack six different targets. It can also track tactical ballistic missiles.

If Iran successfully deployed the Russian-origin SA-20s manufactured by Almaz-AnteyG, the analysts said, Israeli fighters would loss about one third in the air strike to the Iranian nuclear facility. That will be a hard accepted loss to Israel. That is why Israel is probably to take action before Iranian SA-20 missiles get ready.

The recent Iranian air defence are based on 29 Russian Tor M1 (SA-15) missile systems, 10 SA-5 missile systems, 150 MIM-23 Hawk missile systems. These missile systems belong to the last generation and are not able to counter Israeli electronic counter-measures (ECM) and anti-radiation air to surface missiles, and the range of Tor M1(SA-15)is not far enough to against Israeli F-15I Ra'am and F-16I Sufa fighters.

Update: Nov. 29, 2009, just two days after IAEA rebuked Iranian defiance on a secret uranium enrichment plant, Iran state broadcaster IRIB announced that Iran plans build 10 new such uranium processing factories, and they will be on the same scale as Iran’s main enrichment complex at Natanz. Upon the IRIB, the work will start within two months. Iran proved once again to the world that its determination on atomic programme is absolutely unshakable.

Thursday, November 26, 2009

U.S. to conquer the globe with OTV

U.S. Air force is carrying out a secretive mission to conquer the world with a kind of space planes.

Next April 19 (2010) the U.S. Air Force will launch its experimental new X-37B space plane, which is a small unmanned, winged, and reusable spaceship, also named the Orbital Test Vehicle (OTV).

The U.S. Air Force has released its new images. The spacecraft measures more than 29 feet long and nine-and-a-half feet tall. Its wingspan is 14 feet and 11 inches, and its launch weight will be about 11,000 pounds.

To be launched into space, the OTV will be put inside a round and fat five-meter diameter payload. The Atlas 5 rocket with the 501 configuration will work as a carrier to send the payload that contains the OTV into space. The 501 configured Atlas 5 rocket features a large nose cone, no solid rocket boosters, and a single engine Centaur upper stage.

To return to the ground, the ship will glide to an autonomous re-entry into atmosphere and land at the end of its flight on a lengthy runway as an aircraft.

In space around the earth, because of no gravity, the OTV can easily change directions, shift orbits, and accelerate with very little fuel. Above the atmosphere, the efficiency of the laser weapon on it can also be pushed to its up limit. Recently the test of a trailer-mounted laser shooting down five unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has showed us the achievement of U.S. on downsizing the originally big laser weapons.

With a small-sized laser weapon on this flexible unmanned OTV, U.S. Air Force will easily destroy enemies’ satellites, ballistic warheads in space and launch its own warheads above enemies’ territories or aircraft carriers.

The analysts believe that the OTV is bound to replace aircraft carrier in the near future as a tool to dominate the world. Taking the advantage of the OTV, U.S. will conquer its rivals and sit on hegemony in a not very far future.

Wednesday, November 25, 2009

China, An Acrobat on Korean Issues

China does not want to see a collapsed North Korea, a nuke-armed North Korea, or a united Korea like Germany after the cold war. For this sake, China has been trying to pull a stunt on the problem regarding Korean peninsula on the world stage.

To ease the worry of the little brother North Korea, Chinese Defence Minister Liang Guanglie has arrived in Pyongyang since Nov. 22, 2009, four days after U.S. president Barrak Obama wrapped up his state visit in China.

When meeting with Pyongyang's defence chief Kim Yong-Chun, Liang emphasized the “sealed-in-blood” friendship between China and North Korea, which was built since the 1950-1953 Korean War. To express the gratitude to the goodwill from China, Kim Jong Il, top leader of the North Korea, met Liang on Nov. 25, 2009 and said the friendship of the two countries had stood a historic test and was unbreakable.

From Chinese Defence Minister Liang’s visit to North Korea we can see, China does not want a toppled Kim’s regime. From the lessons of NATO eastward expansion and a united Vietnam, China realized that a united Korea would not fit China’s interests. And more, if Kim’s regime collapsed, a mass of refugees would influx into China to cause much impact on the Chinese society.

Recent years, under the help of U.S., South Korea’s military force has become much stronger than that of the north. Trying to find a new balance, North Korea has to develop atomic weapons as its last straw before drowned. But a nuclear-armed Kim is who China does not want to see either.

Look at the neighborhood of China, China now has already surrounded by nuke-armed countries such as Russia, Pakistan, India. If North Korea had nuclear bombs, China’s surroundings would be unstable more; especially North Korea is so close to its political center Beijing.

To persuade Pyongyang to eliminate its nuclear weapons capabilities, China has hosted the six-nation talks since 2003. The six nations include the two Koreas, the United States, China, Russia, and Japan. The journey has been proved to be not easy to go. North Korea quit the talks in April 2009, a month before it tested a second atomic weapon. Pyongyang said in Oct. 2009 it was ready to return to the talks, but only if bilateral meetings with the US make progress.

The recent situation is, to convince Kim to disarm his nuclear weapon, Beijing has to make Kim believe, once North Korea has discarded its nuclear bombs, China can be a reliable umbrella, and Kim’s regime will not be devoured by the south. This goal is not easy to achieve, because Kim is not a person who likes to hand over himself to the hands of other countries. Furthermore, the fate of the former Iraqi president Saddam maybe always reminds Kim the importance of nuclear weapons.

On the stand of the United States, the only worry to the sudden collapse of Kim’s regime is the nuclear technology could fall into the terrorists. The south side is worrying on the possible disasters caused by ruined economic system, refugees, and out-of-controlled military after the sudden collapse of the north regime. Russia does not want U.S. claims more benefits on the Korean peninsular after U.S and NATO have won too much in East Europe.

Knowing this kind of mess that each country has its own calculation on Korean issues, China will still keep “sealed-in-blood” relationship with North Korea for its own interests, although most of the world does not like Kim’s regime. I believe, in a long period, China will continue pulling such a balance-finding stunt on the world stage to sustain the life of Kim’s regime. Anyway, the world itself has offered a room for the breath of Kim’s regime.

Tuesday, November 24, 2009

India has much to do on ballistic missiles

According to Indo media reports, India failed its night-test on Agni II medium-range ballistic missile at Orissa coast, east state of India on Nov. 23, 2009. During the flight of the launched missile, the entire missile body began shaking while the second stage was trying to separate with the warhead, and then the missile deviated from the original track due to loss of stability.

This two-stage, solid propellant missile has a total length of about 20 meters and a weight of about 17 tons. It has a range more than 2,000km and is capable of carrying a conventional or a nuclear warhead.

By carrying this night test, India’s Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) was originally trying to convince Indian military that this medium-range ballistic missile could launch at any time and under any condition, after its daytime test has been successfully carried out on May 19. Unfortunately, the result was so frustrating for DRDO.

This failure accumulated more ice on India's missile research. Unlike India has only had a technology for a single warhead ballistic missile with the longest range of less than 4,000km, China has already handled the technology of multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle (MIRV), which is essential to a multi-warhead ballistic missile.

China’s multi-warhead intercontinental ballistic missiles such as DF series have reached a longest range of 11,200km, and JL-2 submarine-launched ballistic missile, a range of 7200km. Under the full help from China, even Pakistan has taken a lead over its rival India in the missile area. Some U.S. nuclear experts have estimated that Pakistan has 70 to 90 nuclear warheads more than that of India’s 60 to 80.

To catch up China, India's Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has been studying the Agni series of ballistic missiles with the MIRV technology to carry multiple nuclear warheads. India has also decided to conduct fourthly a test for its 3,500km range missile Agni III, which is expected to equip Indian military by 2012. The first test for India's most advanced Agni V strategic missiles will also be carried out before the end of 2010 or 2011. It is alleged that the missile's range is expected to reach 6,000km plus.

But anyway, compared with China’s achievement on ballistic missiles, India still has much to do.

Monday, November 23, 2009

China’s Air Force to camouflage for stealth jets

Vice Commander of China’s Air Force He Wei-rong never thought that his high profile announcement, before China’s air force’s 60th anniversary, regarding China’s exploration on its fourth generation fighter would scare the world so much and cause a big trouble to China.

To deal with the potential aerial unbalance, according to Japanese media, Japan’s Ministry of Defence immediately decided to purchase 40 U.S. made F-35 as its next generation fighters, saying, “China’s aerial combat capability has been strong enough to reach Pacific waters and are keeping advantage in the region of North-east Asia.”

Upon the media, the other Asian countries including Australia and Singapore are inclining to replace their fighters with F-35s. If Japan completed its upgrade with F-35s, some Chinese military experts worried, South Korea would also follow the suit right after. By this trend, a Chinese military expert said, F-35 stealth fighters would surround China years later, and China’s existing air defensive systems would be nullified soon by the stealth pursuing waves.

And more, some Chinese military officers thought, to keep the aerial advantage over China, the United States would hurry its steps on developing the 6th generation fighter more advanced than existing F-22 and F-35, and maybe U.S. would also reactivate the F-22 production line to dilute the threat from China’s upcoming stealth fighters. Obviously, it is not a situation China is willing to see.

Under the pressure of upcoming arms race and to catch rivals easier, these days, Chinese air force had to announce through Chinese media that the Chinese fourth generation fighter mentioned by Chinese media before actually refers to a modified J-10 series fighter, but not the rumored J-14, which features stealth, supersonic cruise, and ultra-mobility.

To keep deterrence on possible attacks from enemies, Chinese military has been keeping non-transparency to the world for decades. This time, the responses from the world made Chinese air force recoil quickly, after its senior officer just announced the ambitious plan for the next generation stealth fighter. To have stealth jets and catch up rivals, Chinese Air Force has to camouflage itself further.

Sunday, November 22, 2009

One more PLA artist to perform in Taiwan

Following Miss Chen Sisi, a PLA non-combatant major officer, who held her concert “Beautiful Road” in Taiwan on Oct. 31, 2009, a PLA non-combatant senior-rank officer, Chinese famous folk singer, Song Zuying will arrive in Taiwan to perform her vocal art soon.

Song originally scheduled her arrival in Taiwan around Nov. 24, 2009, but, according to the organizer, today (Nov. 22, 2009) she delayed her trip, because more dates are needed for preparation.

Song was graduated from Music and Dance Department of China Central University for Nationalities. As of 2009, she is 43-year old and has been a very well known folk singer in mainland of China for 20 years.

In 1990, Song Zuying became famous in China for participating in the CCTV Spring Festival gala, which is the most popular TV annual-show for art performances in China. Till 2009, she has consecutively participated in the gala for 19 years.

In her early popularity in 1990, Song joined the Chinese Naval Song and Dance Troupe as a national first-class singer. Now she is an non-combatant Rear Admiral in the Chinese Navy.

Due to her political status in China, she has held many solo concert performances at prestige international places such as Sydney Opera House in 2002, Vienna Golden Hall in 2004, and John F. Kennedy Centre in 2006 for diplomatic purposes in these respective countries.

To know more about Song Zuying, let us enjoy the video Jasmine Flower below from her solo concert in U.S. Kennedy Center in Oct. 2006.

China, A new giant supported by its nuclear submarines

China finally can say no to any other countries including U.S. due to its radical break-through on the submarine technologies.

Recently, Xinhua News Agency reported that, China has successfully completed a series of tests on a China-made new-type nuclear submarine. The tests included dive limit, underwater high-speed, deep-sea mine and warfare launching, and training evaluation. The report also said the test results have met the design and operational requirements that indicate China’s new type submarine has fully formed its combat capability.

As we know, China’s nuclear submarines consist of the 093-type (Shang class) nuclear attack submarine (SSN) and the 094-type (Jin class) strategic nuclear ballistic missile submarine (SSBN). From the report of Xinhua News Agency, the analysts believe that the recently tested Chinese nuclear submarine has realized its revolutionary changes on the propulsion system, acoustic and speed performances, and weapon system.

According to the information collected from China, the recently tested nuclear submarine changed the propulsion method from nuclear reactor - turbine - gear - propeller to a new method of nuclear reactor – low speed and high torque motor – propeller. It eliminated the mechanical gear-system that is noisy and heavy. The change significantly reduced the noise value of the submarine.

Besides the propeller system, the new type submarine also used the pump jet propulsion as its auxiliary propulsion. The new pump jet propulsion system comprises of left and right sections. Each one fits for harsh combat environment under waters. During a war environment, the submarine could shut down propulsion motor to reduce the noise level and only use the pump jet propulsion system for its tactically hiding mobility. If necessary, the submarine can also use both propulsive systems to get a top speed.

On the aspect of acoustic and speed performances, the Chinese newly tested submarine has used a new noise-reducing technology called sharkskin coating. It significantly not only absorbs the noise generated by the submarine itself but also weakens or eliminates enemy's sonar sound waves. Besides the stealth to the enemy’s sonar, the imitated sharkskin also helps the submarine gain a faster underwater speed.

To reduce the noise level more, the submarine also used other noise reducing measures, such as: a new type propeller, flexible pipe-connections, propulsion motors on floating raft, etc.

All these technologies have radically reduced the lowest noise level of the new type Chinese submarine to 100 db or less that is equal to or less than the noise level of the sea background, and they have also increased the highest underwater speed to more than 40 knots that is faster than that of U.S. Seawolf class or Virginia class submarines.

With these advanced technologies, the analysts believe, China will build more nuclear submarines and modify all of its existing 093-type (Shang class SSN) and 094-type (Jin class SSBN) nuclear submarines. Not long later, all of Chinese nuclear submarines will freely cruise between continents without being detected by the other countries including U.S.

The headache to U.S. is that the 094-type (Jin class) is a nuclear strategic nuclear submarine, which is able to carry 18 China-made JL-2 intercontinental ballistic missiles and up to 144 nuke warheads. The JL-2 is capable of carrying up to 6 nuclear warheads including a fake warhead for anti-interception. If there were only one such Chinese submarine hiding under waters of any a country, its ability would be enough to destroy that country several times.

Due to this reason, the analysts believe it is impossible for U.S. to directly fight a war against China for any other countries in the future. On this point, China has become a real giant supported by its nuclear submarines even in front of the United States.

Thursday, November 19, 2009

Laser against unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)

According to Boeing Company, a directed energy weapon system is under development by U.S. Air Force and Boeing recently. The system is called the Mobile Active Targeting Resource for Integrated eXperiments (MATRIX), which was developed by Boeing under contract to the Air Force Research Laboratory.

Around mid of 2009, this mobile and trailer-mounted laser system successfully demonstrated its ability to track and destroy 5 small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) at various ranges with a single, high-brightness laser beam guided by existing test-range radar.

Besides the cooperative test of MATRIX that day, one Boeing-funded initiative, a hybrid weapon, wihich combined directed and kinetic energies together, called Laser Avenger, also shot down a UAV. The Laser Avenger integrated a lightweight 25mm machine gun into a laser weapon platform. These tests stepped U.S laser application in combat systems to a new level.

Wednesday, November 18, 2009

Obama, One of Great Men of China

What kind of changes will Obama, the new great man of China, bring to U.S. and the world by being the teammate of China, currently the biggest socialism on the globe? The future will give us the answer.

There is a saying in China that “You will never be a great man if you have not been on the Great Wall”. To be one of great men of China, Nov. 18, 2009, just before U.S. president Barack Obama left China for South Korea, he stepped on the Badaling section of the Great Wall.

The world famous Badaling section of Great Wall of China is on the outskirts of Beijing. Before he wrapped up his great-wall trip he autographed on a paper the tourist attraction specially prepared for him.

During his 4-day state visit in China, he and his Chinese counterpart Hu Jintao promised determined teamwork to deal with climate change, nuclear disarmament, and economic recovery by moving beyond the disagreement over human rights, trade, and military tensions that have impaired relations of the two countries for decades.

Please watch the video above for President Obama's Great Wall tour in China. Below is the video of the comment of a Chinese reporter regarding Obama's visit.

Monday, November 16, 2009

Through Obama Chinese youth see the magic of democracy

From faces and eyes of the Chinese youth in the picture posted above, which was published by Xinhua News Agency, you can see President Obama was really welcomed and even admired by the Chinese youth around him. By watching the first U.S. black president in a zero distance, Chinese youth really felt the magic of the democracy in the United States.

Nov. 16, 2009, U.S. President Barack Obama delivered a speech at a dialogue with Chinese youth at the Shanghai Science and Technology Museum during his four-day state visit to China.

His speech and the dialogue brought the hearts of Chinese youth closer to the United States and made them understand more the country at the other side of the Pacific Ocean. It is no doubtful that President Barack Obama has successfully built his star position in the mind of Chinese youth since that day.

Al-Qaeda totally failed in China (a funny joke)

The political news usually makes people become serious and lack of laughs. Recently I found one political joke posted on one Chinese website regarding Al-Qaeda against China is funny. I rearranged and posted it below to share with people, who may like to read it,

Not long ago, Al-Qaeda dispatched six terrorists to attack China. The first one to blow up the Xizhimen overpass in Beijing was stunned into dizziness by too many turns he had to make on the overpass and strayed there.

The second one that was trying to blast a bus in Beijing was unable to squeeze onto the overcrowded buses, and he lost his bomb in the squeezes surrounding him.
The third one decided to plant a bomb in a Beijing supermarket and detonate it there. A pickpocket stole his detonating controller when he was going into the supermarket.

The fourth one tried to sneak into a government building to put a bomb there. The safeguards blocked him and beat him heavily on the steps of the building, because they thought he was a person with too much un-satisfaction and was attempting to petition leaders of the government.

The fifth one tried to bomb the plaza stores in front of Guangzhou railway station in Guangdong Province of China. While he just walked out of the railway station, a group of motorcycling gangsters robbed of his package that contained his dynamite.

The last one finally blasted a coalmine and killed many people there. He then successfully returned to the Al-Quaeda base abroad. Half a year later Al-Qaeda executed him to death, because there was no any relevant news report from China due to the censor-rule of Chinese media. Bin Laden thought the returned guy lied to him and was cheating him for rewards.

Bin Laden heard that China had promised that China would not increase stamp duty on transactions, and he thought the stock market there was bull. To expand his fund for terror in China, he invested 50 billion US dollars into China’s domestic stock market. He bought 100 stocks there and waited to sell them out once the share-prices went up. Suddenly Chinese government changed mind and announced that the stamp duty on transactions would be increased immediately. The stock prices dived to the bottom accordingly at once, and Bin Laden lost his entire fund for terror in China.

To stand up again and best China in the next generation, Bin Laden adopted secretly some infants in China trying to train them to be terrorists after they grow up one day. He never thought that his plan ended in failure again because these babies were hit by melamine-tainted milk in China shortly after their secret adoption by him and Al-Qaeda.

After the lessons above, Al-Qaeda and Bin Laden said China is the only country, which Al-Qaeda has no ability to attack.

Hope you think this joke is funny too.

Friday, November 13, 2009

China’s Strategic Airlift unveils before 2010

Nov. 05, 2009, at the first anniversary of Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC), its general manager Hu Xiao-feng announced to the media that China would unveil its own-made strategic airlift before the end of this year. This first homemade Chinese strategic airlift is set to have the capability of 200 tones of maximum take-off weight. According to Hu, China Xi’an Aircraft Industry (Group) Company has been taking a sole role on the exploration and manufacturing of this airlift.

China Xi’an Aircraft Industry (Group) Company is a group facilitated to AVIC of China. Analysts believe this upcoming airlift will be better than Russian IL-76 airlift on technical specifications. Recently the Russian IL-76 is the biggest airlift used by Chinese military. It features 167 tons of maximum take-off weight, a payload of 47 tons, and a range of 3,650km. Currently analysts are still not sure which model of engines will be used by China on this first homemade strategic transport aircraft, but they believe these engines will be chosen among the turbofan engines of Russian D-30K2, Chinese WS-18, or a variant of Chinese WS-10.

If the Chinese 200-ton airlift puts into use, Chinese military would feel much easy to deliver materiel, weaponry, or personnel over long distances, and Chinese Military inductry would also get much better homemade platforms on the production of its ownmade aerial-tanker, AWACS, large anti-submarine patrol aircraft, and large electronic reconnaissance aircraft.

Currently, the best strategic airlift in the world is the U.S. C-17 Globemaster III., which features 265 tons of maximum take-off weight, a payload of 77 tons, and a range of 4.400km. Its four fully reversible F117-PW-100 turbofan engines possess a function called reverse thrust, which allows the C-17 to deploy steep tactical descents up to 4,600 m/min into combat environments in-flight and to land or to make a 3-point turn on a runway of only 1530m long and 28m wide.

According to the Indian media, India is planning to order ten C-17 Globemaster III airlifts from Boeing of the United States to expand its strategic transport capability. If the Indian Defense Ministry giva a green light to the deal, the C-17s would replace the Russian IL-76s, which recently are the largest transport aircrafts in-service with the IAF.

Thursday, November 12, 2009

Akash, India’s Home-grown “Patriot” Missile (SAM)

The Indian Air Force (IAF) just placed an order to the Indian state-owned Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) for two squadrons of the Akash missiles. The Akash missile is a medium range surface-to-air missile (SAM), which is developed by the Indian Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL) as part of the India’s Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).

Because more orders will come from the India’s armed forces for this indigenous missile system in the next three years, the state-owned Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) is working with private Indian companies Larsen & Toubro, Tata Power, Walchand Industries, and state-owned Electronic Corporation of India (ECIL) for the production of the Akash missile systems.

The Akash missile system consists of radars, mobile launchers, control canters, battlefield management software, and other support systems (see the picture above). Its radars simultaneously can track 64 objects and guide 12 missiles at most. The Akash missile is 5.78m long and weighs 700kg with a warhead of 60kg. It can destroy targets 25 km away and has a supersonic speed of 600m/s (1.8 mach). It has an 85 per cent kill probability.

The Indian Air Force (IAF) will primarily use the system for attacks from unmanned combat aerial vehicles (UCAV), aircraft, and missiles. The indigenous Akash is said on the same class as the U.S. Patriot, Israel’s Barak, and U.K.’s SAM missile systems, but its speed and range are actually much less. Compared with Akash’s 25km and 1.8 mach, all these foreign medium range missiles feature a range of 70 to 150 km and a speed of 4 to 5 mach.

The IAF had been ever reluctant to acquire the Akash missile system before. In 2008, several senior officers of the Indian Air Force expressed their un-satisfaction to the Akash system in the Indian Western Air Force Command Meeting. One senior officer suggested the Indian air force not to purchase the Akash, saying the IAF needed more maneuverability and greater range from the missile system.

After the IAF has been assured that the missile system will be improved batch by batch and will go concord with the operating requirements of the IAF, the Akash finally was allowed to join into the IAF family.

Besides placing the order to the indigenous Akash, the IAF still has not slowed its steps to buy air defensive missiles from abroad. According to Israel media, in Nov. 2009 Israel and India has just signed a 1.1 billion US dollars contract for purchasing Israeli Barak-8 surface-to-air missile systems, which will be handed over to the IAF six to eight years later before 2017.

Wednesday, November 11, 2009

Let Us Never Forget Our Fallen and Wounded Soldiers

Today is Nov. 11, 2009, the Remembrance Day in Canada. This morning, Canadian Governor General Michaelle Jean and Prince Charles laid wreaths during Remembrance Day services at the National War Memorial in Ottawa. Let's never forget our fallen and wounded soldiers.

About 2,700 Canadian Forces members are currently serving in Afghanistan today, a mission that has claimed the lives of 133 Canadian soldiers.

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Two Korean Navies, Who Beats Who?

Is North Korean navy strong enough to eat the bullets from the South? Just at the 20 anniversary of the fallen Berlin wall, Korean navies were reported exchanging fire on their controversial western sea borders. It said that one North Korean ship was seriously damaged in the skirmish.

If a large scale of sea-war breaks out between the two Korean navies, which side will laugh to the end? To find the result, let's read the comparison as follows.

To build a blue water navy, South Korea has launched the Korean Destroyer Experimental (KDX) program since 1996. After 13-year development, the KDX program has reached its third stage. Now the South Korean navy has three KDX-I class destroyers (3,800 tons each), six KDX-II class destroyers (5,500 tons each), and one KDX-III class destroyer (10,000 plus tons). The other two KDX-III class destroyers are expected to be commissioned in 2010 and 2011 respectively.

All of these light and heavy destroyers are equipped with advanced combat systems. The KDX-III is one of the most advanced Aegis warships in the world. It features Aegis Combat System built by Lockheed Martin of the United States. It can simultaneously track about 1,000 aircraft within a 500-kilometer radius, providing 360-degree coverage and is capable of conducting simultaneous operations against aircraft, ballistic and cruise missiles, ships and submarines. Only a few countries, including the United States, Spain, Japan and Norway, deploy Aegis warships.

Besides the excellent destroyers, South Korean navy also has two helicopter carriers and nine Ulsan class frigates. Of 13 submarines in service, two are AIP equipped submarines, which can dive for a long period without surfacing out of waters. To deal with North Korean submarines, South Korean has bought eight P-3C anti-submarine warfare planes from U.S., and eight more P-3Cs are to be delivered by 2010. It has also 20 plus British Lynx Mk. 99 helicopters for anti-submarines.

Recently, the South Korean navy announced a plan to build six 5,600-ton "mini-Aegis'' destroyers (KDX-IIA) between 2019 and 2026 in an effort to help facilitate coastal and blue-water operations. The medium-sized KDX-IIA destroyers will be equipped with SPY radar and close-in weapon systems from U.S. There are total about 170 commissioned ships in South Korean navy.

Compared to the south side, the North Korean navy does not change much. Many of its warships are only able to sail within 50 nautical miles. Although the North Korean navy consists of approximately 420 combat vessels, 60 submarines according to the British newspaper The Times, most of them are small torpedo boats, patrol boats, crafts, and midget submarines.

North Korean surface warships are equipped with 25 to 37 mm guns and guided missiles such as: SS-N-2A STYX anti-ship missiles from Russia or their Chinese version CSS-N-1 Scrubbrush missiles. These missiles are ones with active radar guidance, some of them with Infrared. They are easy to be interfered by electronics jamming, or blocked by chaffs or flares in a war.

North Korean submarines are still stay on the level of 1960s, such as: Romeo class or Whiskey class of the former Soviet Union. They also have about 200 personnel landing crafts with a maximum speed of 40 knots (74 km/h) and a radius of 335 nautical miles (620 km) at 28 knots (52 km/h).

Based on the comparison above we can see, if a full scale of sea-war happens between the two Korean navies, the north side would be smashed to pieces by the south counterpart in a short period. That is why Kim Jong-il has to grip nuke power in his hands, because this is the only way to last his regime longer.

Monday, November 9, 2009

China’s stealth fighters are on the way

China’s Vice Commander of Air Force said, China is making full efforts on the research of its 4th generation fighter. The analysts say the maturity of Chinese J-10 fighters marks China has passed its imitation-period on the fighters’ production.

Nov. 11, 2009 will be the date of the 60th anniversary of China’s Air Force. Nov. 08, 2009, Chinese General He Wei-rong, Vice Commander of China’s Air Force received an interview from the programme “Face to Face” of China Central Television (CCTV).

During the interview, General He said, “J-10 fighters have represented an important milestone of our China’s aviation industry. They also embodied a turning point and a leap on our fighters’ generations, because J-10 fighters belong to the ones of the 3rd generation . Before being capable of making J-10s, we did not have our homegrown 3rd generation fighters. ……, This is a very obviously symbolized progress.”

To answer when China will have its 4th generation fighters, General He said, China is endeavoring on this, and the first flight will be organized soon, and then the trial flight will be conduct shortly after the first flight. He said the 4th generation fighters are expected to formally join the air force 8 to 10 years later according to where they are now.

The Chinese homemade J-10 is a fighter jet compatible to U.S. F-16 or Russian MiG-29. The Chinese 4th generation fighter will be a fighter jet compatible to U.S. F-22, F-35, or Russian T-50, which is a fighter with stealth capability.

Recently, there are many rumours among Chinese military fans on Chinese websites regarding future Chinese J-14 stealth fighters.

Sunday, November 8, 2009

India develops a technology to kill satellites

Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) are jointly developing a recoverable hypersonic missile, actually a reusable space vehicle, which can be used in space as a missile-warhead launcher, a satellite launcher, or even a killer to satellites. This is a technology hitherto unavailable in any other country.

Indian scientists did not unveil the time frame of completing this marvellous project. The space vehicle plus the warhead it carries will be half the size of the current missiles. The warhead carried by the vehicle will hit target over 5,000km away at a speed of 5 Mach. After dropping the weapon, the space carrier can come back to its base like an aircraft. Currently, Indian longest-range missile, Agni III, is able to hit targets 3,500km away.

The vehicle will also be used to economically launch satellites in space. Under the same theory, analysts believe that this vehicle will also be capable of destroying a satellite in space with the warhead it carries, although Indian scientists did not mention any utilization about this.

Thursday, November 5, 2009

The Mossad Busted Iranian Arms-Smuggling

Mossad@peter peng's blog

Nov. 3, 2009, guided by the intelligence from Israeli Intelligence Agency--the Mossad, Israeli navy intercepted the Antigua-flagged 8,622 tonne ship Francop in the Mediterranean Sea, 100 miles from Israel and found on board 300 tons of Iranian ammunition including anti-tank missiles, Russia-made rockets, and AK bullets, which are destined for Lebanon’s Hezbollah group. The news from the media said, the weapons were found mixing with medical materials in the containers on the ship, and these containers were loaded on Nov. 1 at the Egyptian port of Damietta.

This successful operation on the sea brought the Israeli Intelligence Agency the Mossad to the spotlight of the world stage again. The Israeli spy agent who offered the intelligence for this operation belongs to the Collections Department, which is the largest department in the Mossad. It conducts espionage overseas. Its field intelligence officers are called katsas who are similar to the case officers of the CIA.

The Mossad training academy, the Midrasha, was located near the town of Herzliya, Tel Aviv. The acadamy teaches katsas not only how to find, recruit, cultivate agents, and secretly communicate with them, but also learn how to avoid car and foot surveillance, and traps from foreign counter-intelligence.

Although the katsas are different from the Mossad's agents from the Special Operations Division or Metsada, which is involved in assassination, sabotage, paramilitary operations, and psychological warfare, they are also trained in the use of sidearms, such as the .22 calibre Italy-made Beretta pistols.

In the Mossad, katsas are charge of sayanim (Hebrew: assistants). The sayanim must be 100% Jewish aboard, although they are not Israeli citizens. Sayanim volunteer to provide assistance to the Mossad in their living countries. They voluntarily facilitate medical care, money, logistics, and even overt intelligence gathering. Usually the active sayanim will be visited by a katsa once every three months in average. The katsas also link the sayanim with numerous telephone conversations.

Unlike the CIA of the United States, whose agents are directly involved in intelligence operations and are fully paid, the sayanim are volunteers and are only paid by the Mossad for their expenses, it allows the costs of intelligence gathering to be greatly reduced, and it also makes the Mossad into a top intelligence agency that has the lowest cost and the highest efficiency in the world.

Monday, November 2, 2009

U.S. Admiral Honored by Chinese Invitation

In the Gulf of Aden, Rear Admiral Scott Sanders, commander, Combined Task Force (CTF) 151, visited Chinese Rear Admiral Wang Zhiguo, the commander of TF-529, Chinese 3rd Flotilla off Somalia, to discuss ongoing cooperation in counter-piracy efforts on November 1, 2009.

As guests, Sanders and coalition members of the CTF 151 staff representing four countries boarded the Chinese counter-piracy flagship Zhou Shan.

During the meeting with Wang on Zhou Shan warship, Sanders said, “We were honored to receive Admiral Wang’s invitation. As a partner in maritime security, we have worked with China on a tactical level in order to prevent piracy and maritime criminal activity off the coast of Somalia. Having the opportunity to sit down and share views on counter-piracy with Adm. Wang was an invaluable experience. The cooperation between our nations continues to pay big dividends.”

One of the missions of CTF 151 is to synchronize counter-piracy operations with more than 30 nations that have deployed naval forces off the coast of Somalia. The task force conducts anti-piracy operations to actively deter, disrupt and suppress piracy to protect global maritime security for all nations.

In meeting with Wang, Sanders also said, “I think our visit today highlights the fact that piracy is an international problem that requires an international answer, but the ultimate solution lies on land. It is clear that China is a reliable partner and that our efforts are mutually beneficial.”

CTF 151 operates as part of the Combined Maritime Forces, which is a coalition that conducts Maritime Security Operations in the Arabian Gulf, Indian Ocean, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea to help provide security and stability in these sea areas.

This visit happened just before the 3rd Chinese flotilla is going to return to China. Upon Chinese media, to relieve the 3rd Chinese flotilla in the Gulf of Aden, the 4th flotilla of Chinese navy set out from China on Oct. 30, 2009. It consists of the missile frigate Ma An Shan, the missile frigate Wen Zhou, and the supply ship Qian Dao Hu.

Japan: SM-3 Against DF-21C

To remove the threat from China’s anti-ship ballistic missile DF-21C, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force successfully conducted the second test of the sea-based aegis ballistic missile defense weapon system. During the test, a Standard Missile-3 (SM-3) Block IA engaged and destroyed a medium-range ballistic missile target more than 100 miles above the Pacific Ocean.

The SM-3, guided by a Boeing-built kinetic warhead sensor, was launched from the Japanese destroyer JS Myoko (DDG-175) on Oct. 27, 2009, and the missile target was fired from the U.S. Navy's Pacific Missile Range Facility on Kauai, Hawaii. This is one part of the aegis sea-based system upgrade led by the U.S. Missile Defense Agency and the U.S. Navy to ensure Japan is prepared to meet evolving threats from China and North Korea, especially from China.

The Chinese DF-21C is an anti-ship ballistic missile (ASBM) with a range of up to 3,000km and a near-terminal speed of 10 Mach. It has a name of “Aircraft Carrier Killer”. In recent world, this is the only ASBM in operation. Even Russia does not have it. China designed it to destroy enemies’ aircraft carriers and main battleships.

Unlike a typical ballistic missile, whose trajectory is calculated ahead and which is only able to hit a fixed target, it has some kind of terminal guidance system to find its moving target in its later flightpath. China showed this advanced weapon in its 60 anniversary’s military parade on Oct. 1, 2009.